Efektifitas Mindfulness Based Stress Reduction (MBSR) terhadap penurunan burnout

nina alfa rizkana(1*),

(1) Universitas Negeri Jakarta
(*) Corresponding Author


Burnout syndrome has a negative impact   and has serious consequences for occupational health.  Various forms of interventions are also carried out to deal with these conditions, both as preventive efforts and reducing the negative impact of burnout.  Several studies have found that mindfulness-based interventions including MBSR are effective in reducing burnout rates.  That's why this literature study was conducted. Aseries aimed to look at the efficacy of MBSR-based interventions. 12 articles were selected based on PRISMA guidelines and the results stated that mindfulness decreased levels of emotional exhaustion and depersonalization, also increased personal accomplishment.

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Accoto, A., Chiarella, S. G., Raffone, A., Montano, A., de Marco, A., Mainiero, F., Rubbino, R., Valzania, A., & Conversi, D. (2021). Beneficial effects of mindfulness-based stress reduction training on the well-being of a female sample during the first total lockdown due to covid-19 pandemic in italy. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 18(11). https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18115512

Bi, T., Kou, H., Li, X., He, Y., Chen, S., & Xie, Q. (2021). The impact of mindfulness training on the attention to facial expressions. Preprint, 1–24. Carmody, J., & Baer, R. A. (2009). How long does a mindfulness-based stress reduction program need to be? A review of class contact hours and effect sizes for psychological distress. In Journal of Clinical Psychology (Vol. 65, Issue 6, pp. 627–638). https://doi.org/10.1002/jclp.20555

Ceravolo, D., & Raines, D. A. (2019). The Impact of a Mindfulness Intervention for Nurse Managers. Journal of Holistic Nursing, 37(1), 47–55. https://doi.org/10.1177/0898010118781620

Chen, X., Zhang, B., Jin, S. X., Quan, Y. X., Zhang, X. W., & Cui, X. S. (2021). The effects of mindfulness-based interventions on nursing students: A meta-analysis. Nurse Education Today, 98. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nedt.2020.104718

Cheng, X., Zhang, H., Cao, J., & Ma, Y. (2021). The Effect of Mindfulness-Based Programs on Psychological Distress and Burnout in Kindergarten Teachers: A Pilot Study. Early Childhood Education Journal, 0123456789. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10643-021-01254-6

Chi, X., Bo, A., Liu, T., Zhang, P., & Chi, I. (2018). Effects of mindfulness-based stress reduction on depression in adolescents and young adults: A systematic review and meta-analysis. In Frontiers in Psychology (Vol. 9, Issue JUN).

Frontiers Media S.A. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2018.01034 Dave, D. J., McClure, L. A., Rojas, S. R., De Lavalette, O., & Lee, D. J. (2020). Impact of Mindfulness Training on the Well-Being of Educators. Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine, 26(7), 645–651. https://doi.org/10.1089/acm.2019.0451

Daya, Z., & Hearn, J. H. (2018). Mindfulness interventions in medical education: A systematic review of their impact on medical student stress, depression, fatigue and burnout. In Medical Teacher (Vol. 40, Issue 2, pp. 146–153).

Taylor and Francis Ltd. https://doi.org/10.1080/0142159X.2017.1394999 de Carvalho, J. S., Oliveira, S., Roberto, M. S., Gonçalves, C., Bárbara, J. M., de Castro, A. F., Pereira, R., Franco, M., Cadima, J., Leal, T., Lemos, M. S., & Marques-Pinto, A. (2021). Effects of a Mindfulness-Based Intervention for Teachers: a Study on Teacher and Student Outcomes. Mindfulness, 12(7), 1719–1732. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12671-021-01635-3

Delaney, M. C. (2018). Caring for the caregivers: Evaluation of the effect of an eight-week pilot mindful selfcompassion (MSC) training program on nurses’ compassion fatigue and resilience. PLoS ONE, 13(11). https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0207261

DOI: https://doi.org/10.26539/teraputik.711793

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