Aplikasi eye moving desensitization dan reprocessing dalam konseling post-traumatic stress disorder

Hengki Satrianta(1*),

(1) Universitas Indraprasta PGRI
(*) Corresponding Author


Recently more events can appear traumatic effect even if it not treated, it will be post-traumatic stress disorder. Therefore, need the efforts to treat this problem. One of the way is using eye moving desensitization and reprocessing. This article focuses on treating post-traumatic stress disorder through eye moving desensitization and reprocessing. The aim of this article is to describe the general implementation of eye moving desensitization and reprocessing to treat post-traumatic stress disorder. Eye moving desensitization and reprocessing is able to be a technique to treat post-traumatic stress disorder. Finally, writer suggested for counseling practitioners in Indonesia can make this “unique therapy” as a therapy technique for post-traumatic stress disorder.


Eye moving desensitization and reprocessing, Post-traumatic stress disorder

Full Text:



American Psychiatric Association (APA). (2013). Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorder-V. Arlington, VA: American Psychiatric Association.

Bar-Shai, M. & Klein, E. (2015). Future Directions in Post- Traumatic Stress Disorder Prevention, Diagnosis, and Treatment. M.P. Safir, H.S. Wallach, & A.S. Rizzo (Eds,). New York: Springer.

Böhm, K. & Voderholzer, U. (2010). Use of EMDR in the Treatment of Obsessive-Compulsive Disorders: A Case Series. Verhaltenstherapie, 20, 175 – 181.

Briere, J., Hodges, M., & Godbout, N. (2010). Traumatic Stress, Affect Dysregulation, and Dysfunctional Avoidance: A Structural Equation Model. Journal of Traumatic Stress, 23 (6), 767 – 774.

Collie, K., Backos, A., Malchiodi, C., & Spiegel, D. (2006). Art Therapy for Combat-Related PTSD: Recommendations for Research and Practice. Journal of the American Art Therapy Association, 23 (4), 157 – 164.

Damarjati, D. (2016, December 29). Kronologi lengkap perampokan sadis di Pulomas. Detiknews.com. Retrieved from https://news.detik.com/internasional/d-3382915/kronologi-lengkap-perampokan-sadis-di-pulomas.

Dworkin, M. (2005). EMDR and The Relational Imperative: The Therapeutic Relationship in EMDR Treatment. New York: Routledge Taylor & Francis Group.

Farima, R., Dowlatabadi, S., & Behzadi, S. (2015). The Effectiveness Of Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR) in Reducing Pathological Worry in Patients with Generalized Anxiety Disorder: A Preliminary Study. Archives of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, 1, 33 – 43.

Gerson, R. & Rappaport, N. (2013). Traumatic Stress and Posttraumatic Stress Disorder in Youth: Recent Research Findings on Clinical Impact, Assessment, and Treatment. Journal of Adolescent Health, 52, 137–143.

Grand, D. (2001). Emotional Healing at Warp Speed: The Power of EMDR. New York: Harmony Books.

Hariyanto, I. (2017, May 25). Bom Kampung Melayu: 5 Orang Tewas, 10 Orang Terluka. Detiknews.com. Retrieved from https://news.detik.com/berita/d-3511044/bom-kampung-melayu-5-orang-tewas-10-orang-terluka.

Henrikus. (2015). Penerapan Eye Moving Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR) Untuk Menurunkan Tingkat Stres Akademik pada Siswa Kelas XI Pekerjaan Sosial 2 di SMK Negeri 7 Makassar. Tesis. Tidak Diterbitkan. Makassar: Program Pascasarjana Universitas Negeri Makassar.

Howard, M.D. & Cox, R.P. (2006). Use of EMDR in the Treatment of Water Phobia at Navy Boot Camp; A Case Study. Traumatology, 12, 302 – 313.

Korn, D.L. (2009). EMDR and the Treatment of Complex PTSD: A Review. Journal of EMDR Practice and Research, 3 (4), 264 – 278.

Lin, W. (2009). Use of Eye Movement Desensitization & Reprocessing Therapy in the Treatment of Post Traumatic Stress Disorder. The Hong Kong Medical Diary, 14 (2), 9 – 10.

Maxfield, L. (2007). Current Status and Future Directions for EMDR Research. Journal of EMDR Practice and Research, 1 (1), 6 – 14.

Moghadam, M.B., Moghadam, A.B., & Salehian, T. (2015). Efficacy of Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR) On Depression in Patients with Myocardial Infarction (MI) In A 12-Month Follow Up. Iran Journal Critical Care Nursing, 7(4), 221 – 226.

Mollon, P. (2005). EMDR and The Energy Therapies: Psychoanalytic Perspectives. Great Britain: Karnac Books Ltd.

Oh, D.H. & Choi, J. (2007). Changes in the Regional Cerebral Perfusion After Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing A SPECT: Study of Two Cases. Journal of EMDR Practice and Research, 1 (1), 24 – 30.

Prayitno. (2013). Konseling Integritas. Padang: Universitas Negeri Padang.

Rizqo, K.A. (2017, May 23). Aksi Geng Motor Marak di Jagakarsa Dipicu Tantangan di Medsos. Detiknews.com. Retrieved from https://news.detik.com/berita/d-3509748/aksi-geng-motor-marak-di-jagakarsa-dipicu-tantangan-di-medsos.

Rodenburg, R., Benjamin, A., deRoos, C., Meijer, A.M., & Stams, G.J. (2009). Efficacy of EMDR in Children: A Meta-Analysis. Clinical Psychology Review, 29, 599 – 606.

Royle, L. & Kerr, C. (2010). Integrating EMDR Into Your Practice. New York: Springer Publishing Company.

Sack, M., Lempa, W., & Lamprecht, F. (2007). Assessment of Psychophysiological Stress Reactions During a Traumatic Reminder in Patients Treated With EMDR. Journal of EMDR Practice and Research, 1 (1), 15 – 23.

Schneider, J., Hofmann, A., Rost, C., & Shapiro, F. (2007). EMDR and Phantom Limb Pain Theoretical Implications, Case Study, and Treatment Guidelines. Journal of EMDR Practice and Research, 1 (1), 31 – 45.

Schubert, S. & Lee, C.W. (2009). Adult PTSD and Its Treatment With EMDR: A Review of Controversies, Evidence, and Theoretical Knowledge. Journal of EMDR Practice and Research, 3 (3), 117 – 132.

Scott, M.J. & Stradling, S.G. (2006). Counselling for Post-traumatic Stress Disorder: (Third Edition). London: Sage Publication Ltd.

Seidler, G.H. & Wagner, F.E. (2006). Comparing The Efficacy of EMDR and Trauma-Focused Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy In The Treatment of PTSD: A Meta-Analytic Study. Psychological Medicine, 1 – 8.

Shapiro, F. (2001). Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR): Basic Principles, Protocols, and Procedures (2nd ed.). New York: The Guilford Press.

Shapiro, F. (2007). Handbook of EMDR and Family Therapy Process. F. Shapiro, F. Kaslow, & L. Maxfield (Eds.) New Jersey: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.

Shapiro, F. (2014). The Role of Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR) Therapy in Medicine: Addressing the Psychological and Physical Symptoms Stemming from Adverse Life Experiences. The Permanente Journal, 18 (1), 71 – 77.

Solomon, R.M. & Shapiro, F. (2008). EMDR and The Adaptive Information Processing Model Potential Mechanisms of Change. Journal of EMDR Practice and Research, 2 (4), 315 – 325.

Suwandi, A., Folastri, S., Rangka, I. B., Sofyan, A., Hidayat, R., & Fijriani. (2014). Teknik dan Praktik Laboratorium Konseling: Panduan Praktis-Operasional Konseling Perorangan (I). Bandung: Mujahid Press.

Syah, M.H. (2017, April 4). Detik-Detik Longsor Ponorogo, Suara Gemuruh dan Warga Berlarian. Liputan6.com. Retrieved from http://news.liputan6.com/read/2910016/detik-detik-longsor-ponorogo-suara-gemuruh-dan-warga-berlarian.

Talib, H. (2017, February 11). Kebakaran di Rantauprapat. Medansatu.com. Retrieved from http://medansatu.com/berita/tag/korban-tewas-kebakaran-rantauprapat/url/ya-allah-albert-tewas-terbakar-mayatnya-gosong-dan-sulit-dikenali-lihat-foto-fotonya.

Tarquinio, C., Brennstuhl, M.J., Rydberg, J.A., Schmitt, A., Mouda, F., Lourel, M., & Tarquinio, P. (2012). Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR) Therapy in The Treatment of Victims of Domestic Violence: A Pilot Study. Revue Européenne De Psychologie Appliquée, 62, 205 – 212.

Tuerk, P.W., Yoder, M., Ruggiero, K.J., Gros, D.F., & Acierno, R. (2010). A Pilot Study of Prolonged Exposure Therapy for Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Delivered via Telehealth Technology. Journal of Traumatic Stress, 23 (1), 116–123.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.26539/teraputik.11138

Article Metrics

Abstract Views : 175 | PDF Views : 235


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2020 Hengki Satrianta

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

 Pusat Kajian Penelitian dan Pengembangan Bimbingan dan Konseling
Department of Guidance and Counseling
Universitas Indraprasta PGRI

Address: Jl. Nangka No. 58 C (TB. Simatupang), Kel. Tanjung Barat, Kec. Jagakarsa, Jakarta Selatan 12530, Jakarta, Indonesia. 
Phone: +62 (021) 7818718 – 78835283 | Close in sunday and public holidays in Indonesia
Work Hours: 09.00 AM – 08.00 PM
Best hours to visit: From 9 am to 11 am or after 3 pm. The busiest times are between 11 am and 3 pm. 

 Creative Commons License
TERAPUTIK: Jurnal Bimbingan dan Konseling is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.